Thursday, February 9, 2012

Knowing Your Rights As an Employee Means Understanding Basic Labor Law

Imagine the next time you join a discussion about Law. When you start sharing the fascinating Law facts below, your friends will be absolutely amazed.

If you base what you do on inaccurate information, you might be unpleasantly surprised by the consequences. Make sure you get the whole Law story from informed sources.

Most of us work a job for another person known as our employer. This that we have rights that are specific to the workplace and having a basic labor law understanding is necessary for anyone that works. This is a great way to make sure you are protected and you also need this basic knowledge to help yourself in any situation that may arise at work.

This could include sexual harassment, harmful work environment, equal treatment, and many other things that could happen in a workplace. It could also include overtime pay and different things that have to do with compensation for injuries at work and other issues. This is very important because you never know what is going to happen and having a bit of basic knowledge is always a helpful thing.

Basic Labor Law and How you can Learn it

There are many resources out there that can help you with understanding basic labor law. You can start by using the internet and doing a basic search for labor law that is specific to your area. If you live in Indiana, then you want to search for laws that are specific to Indiana. There are some laws that are federal and there are many others that are at the state level.

After you have used the internet to find out a little about the basic labor law in your area you can move on to using your local library or your actual employer to find out more. The library will have many law books that should help you find what you need and your employer should have some posters and some information about different laws.

Another place to find information is an attorney and if you have one in your family or one that you can talk to about anything you need to, then you can find some information out. This also includes speaking with the EEOC. They will have some information on equal opportunity employment and the laws that have to do with it. They also have basic information on many other employment laws that may help you out.

Finding Basic Labor Law in your Employment Handbook

If your employer has a human resources department, then you can find out quite a bit of information from there. They should be able to answer any questions you have and they may offer seminars or training to help you understand the basic labor law that is specific to your area. This can be very helpful and some employers offer pay for this type of training.

Check with your employer to see what you can do to understand the basic labor laws for your area better. This is the first place to start and if they offer training you should sign up to go through it. If you want more information you can use the internet, your local library, or even the EEOC or an attorney to help you learn about basic labor law.

That's the latest from the Law authorities. Once you're familiar with these ideas, you'll be ready to move to the next level.

Maritime Law: The Law Of The Sea

The best course of action to take sometimes isn't clear until you've listed and considered your alternatives. The following paragraphs should help clue you in to what the experts think is significant.

Truthfully, the only difference between you and Law experts is time. If you'll invest a little more time in reading, you'll be that much nearer to expert status when it comes to Law.

It was a one of the countless law pass by the congress. It was defined as is a distinct body of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. It is a body of both domestic law governing maritime activities, and private international law governing the relationships between private entities which operate vessels on the oceans. It deals with matters including marine commerce, marine navigation, shipping, sailors, and the transportation of passengers and goods by sea. Maritime Law or known as the Admiralty law also covers many commercial activities, although land based or occurring wholly on land, that are maritime in character.

Through several readings and researches an individual could hardly understand what are the provisions and the areas covered by the said law. Every law has its complications and distinct field of specialization. In a simple way of interpretation Maritime Law was the Law of the Sea, when we talk about the law which covers the industry which took place offshore, coastal waters, offshore workers, navigation and maritime industry production this indeed refers to the Maritime Law itself.

Admiralty Law, like various law around the world has features of its own and it was as follows:

1. Maintenance and cure

2. Personal injuries to passengers

3. Maritime liens and mortgages

4. Salvage and treasure salvage

Various cases were protected and covered with the said law, Admiralty and Maritime Law is a complex area governed by a variety of federal statutes. Your rights and opportunities to recover monetary compensation under the Jones Act and other maritime laws are different from those in any other type of injury case.

In the world of the Maritime industry there were several unexpected events that may cause accidents and injuries to the workers and to the other individuals involved. There was no such thing as exception when we were on the said situation and indeed we cannot predict what will be the next thing we should do. The arising of this situation came the participation of the Maritime Law which was said to be very essential and must be known to every individual involved in a Maritime industry.

Several offshore workers were engaged in such danger in an open ocean due to their work and the routine involved in it. The great risk attached to the industry and eventually to the people rendering services to the industry. The mentioned statement was the reason of the existence of the Law of the Sea with the features listed above. The peace and the negligence for the involved became less.

Knowing enough about Law to make solid, informed choices cuts down on the fear factor. If you apply what you've just learned about Law, you should have nothing to worry about.

Your Lemon Law Rights

Imagine the next time you join a discussion about Law. When you start sharing the fascinating Law facts below, your friends will be absolutely amazed.

Truthfully, the only difference between you and Law experts is time. If you'll invest a little more time in reading, you'll be that much nearer to expert status when it comes to Law.

When you buy a car new or old, you expect to get your money's worth. As consumers we believe that everyone we meet is truthful and that we will always be treated fairly. However, this is not always the case. People do not always get what they bargain for and to protect consumers there are now laws to protect you against a bad car purchase. These laws are known as the lemon laws. The rules and conditions can vary by each state. However, this article will look at the basic purpose of the lemon laws. By understanding these laws you are able to protect yourself from a bad purchase.

By definition the lemon laws describe bad cars or defective cars. Lemon laws can actually pertain to brand new cars and used ones. Like we said before lemon laws do vary by state. In fact, not all of these laws even cover used cars. Starting at the federal level, the laws cover any mechanical issue that may arise on a new car. It also states that the warranter may have to pay the prevailing party's attorney fees. Since a warranty is what makes a manufacturer responsible for repairs to the consumers vehicles. The law holds the manufacturers to their warranties. When you look at your warranty that comes with your purchase there are certain things that must be stated. The things that must be included are; the age of the vehicle, the mileage the price paid, as well as the dealership where the car was purchased.

So if you are having trouble with your car and you think that you have a lemon what do you do? Well there are a few places to start. You can first start with taking the car to the dealership and get them to make the repairs. If for any reason, they are not able to fix the problem then you are able to obtain a full refund on the purchase price, including any sales tax that you paid. If you have made any modifications on the car after taking it off the lot then you will not be reimbursed for those expenses, as you made them to the car and that is not covered under warranty. The dealer will also have the option of offering you a replacement car instead of the refund, but you have the option to accept or decline this. In 2011 there were a few changes that were made to the existing federal laws. Purchasers now have the option of returning a car for up to 12 months and the consumer now receives a loaner car or taxi allowance while their car is being repaired.

If you believe that you have purchased a lemon then your first step is to discuss the matter with the dealer. Also inform your insurance company. Hopefully your situation can be solved at this point in the process. IF however you cannot settle it in an amicable way there are several other things for you to do. Talk to a lawyer and find out what your rights are within your state. They can advise you on the next best possible move.

Those who only know one or two facts about Law can be confused by misleading information. The best way to help those who are misled is to gently correct them with the truths you're learning here.

The Most Important Aspects Of Employment Law

Have you ever wondered what exactly is up with Law? This informative report can give you an insight into everything you've ever wanted to know about Law.

It seems like new information is discovered about something every day. And the topic of Law is no exception. Keep reading to get more fresh news about Law.

If you are a new business owner or an existing company looking to employ people for the first time then there are many laws governing employment that you must be aware of. There will be differences in employment law depending upon which country your business operates in but in general these points will apply. Not abiding by these laws can have very serious consequences and can even lead to your business being shut down by the government so it is advisable that you familiarize yourself with them and do everything in your power to comply.

Minimum Wages And Payments

Most countries have a minimum wage that must be paid to workers to comply with the law. In the United States this is currently around seven dollars per hour and it applies to the majority of workers. There are some exceptions to this and these include executive, administrative and professional employees, commission only sales workers and teachers and professors. You need to check with the government whether the positions that you want to fill are covered by the law or exempt from it. Payments for overtime worked are also governed by this law.

Safety In The Workplace

It is the company owner's responsibility to ensure that the safest possible working conditions exist for their employees. Failure to do this could lead to heavy prosecution especially if an employee is injured due to the employer's negligence in this area. There have been many cases where businesses have been closed due to violation of safety laws. It is mainly common sense and is not onerous to implement. Providing protective clothing, fire extinguishers and proper fire exits, using signs to indicate hazardous areas or spillages and the storage of dangerous materials or items are a few of the common safety requirements.


There should be absolutely no discrimination against people in the workplace based on their gender, race, their country of origin or if they have disabilities of any kind. This also applies to job interviews before a person actually becomes employed by the company. An interview should be based solely on the person's abilities and specialized knowledge that is required to perform the work and no discriminatory factors based on them as a person should be taken into consideration. Once a person is employed they should be provided equal opportunity in terms of wages, hours of work, type of work to be undertaken and advancement within the company.

Company Handbook

Although not required by law in most countries, a handbook which details what is expected of employees in terms of conduct, hours of attendance, pay and conditions, company procedures and safety will be viewed as a very positive step by the authorities. It is important that all workers are clear on what their responsibilities are and also can see the steps that the company are taking to ensure their safety and offer them equal opportunities in their workplace.

Sometimes it's tough to sort out all the details related to this subject, but I'm positive you'll have no trouble making sense of the information presented above.

Employment Law in Dubai: The Law On Termination of Employment

The following paragraphs summarize the work of Law experts who are completely familiar with all the aspects of Law. Heed their advice to avoid any Law surprises.

If you find yourself confused by what you've read to this point, don't despair. Everything should be crystal clear by the time you finish.

Under Dubai Law, which is governed by United Arab Emirates (UAE) labour law, an employer must give an employee a minimum notice period of 30 days before termination of an employment contract. The United Aram Emirates law is inflexible in this respect which means that the law allows no room for negotiation, even when the employer is willing to consent to a shorter time period. Any shorter contractual notice period is unlikely to be enforceable by the employer.

Upon termination of employment, the United Arab Emirates labour law states that an employee must be reimbursed for all entitlements they have not been able to benefit from, such as unutilised leave. If the employee has worked for the company continually for at least a year, and does not participate in the Company's pension scheme, gratuity is owed to them on the termination of their employment. This is payable at a rate of 21 days a year for 1 - 5 years service, and 30 days for over 5 years. This is rightfully theirs as an 'end of service benefit.' UAE law specifically states that on termination of a contract, an employer must return an employee to their country of origin, should the employee fail to find alternative employment within a set time period.

It should be noted that there are no provisions under UAE for redundancy; hence they do not recognise 'redundancy compensation' per se. The UAE does however state, that an employer should provide pay of up to 3 months salary, where they have terminated the employment for a reason other than the employee's performance. Hence, in practice there is a provision for redundancy, just not in those words; yet this issue is still a very contentious one. UAE Labour Law could get complicated but all in all sides with the employees more often than not.

It never hurts to be well-informed with the latest on Law. Compare what you've learned here to future articles so that you can stay alert to changes in the area of Law.

Basic Tenets of Construction Law

So what is Law really all about? The following report includes some fascinating information about Law--info you can use, not just the old stuff they used to tell you.

Think about what you've read so far. Does it reinforce what you already know about Law? Or was there something completely new? What about the remaining paragraphs? 

If you have planned to build a home, for yourself or as an investment property, you are likely more concerned about finding a reputable contractor and crew than worrying about whether or not you need a lawyer. In truth, there are concerns in construction that may require the guidance of a lawyer who concentrates in this practice. As implied, construction law deals with matters relevant to the construction of homes and commercial properties. It's good to know the basics if ever a project of yours comes under scrutiny.

Here follows some of the things a construction lawyer does.

    * Contracts - A lawyer with a concentration in construction law can help with the negotiation of a contract for the land on which the home or building in placed. If you have concerns about the ownership of the land under your building, you may need such legal assistance.

    * Builders' liens - When a contractor, subcontractor, or workers on a particular project claims a lien, he/she is basically claiming payment for a job - typically a renovation. The person or entity that holds the title to the property is then responsible for paying the claim. If there are disputes involving a builders' lien, you may wish to contact a construction lawyer for assistance.

    * On-site personal injury - While one can find a number of lawyers who concentrate in personal injury practice, construction lawyers do provide assistance in cases where injury happens on a construction site or during a building repair or renovation. Because these situations may differ from other situations like car accidents, you may wish to retain the services of a lawyer with experience in construction law.

    * Insurance claims - Construction lawyers also provide counsel in some insurance cases. If your property is damaged following a fire or storm or theft, and there are issues with the insurance claim, an attorney with a concentration in construction law may be able to help you.

Do you need a somebody with experience in construction law to assist you as you build up your residential or commercial property? You may not need somebody onsite every day, but it is a good idea to have a name and number handy in the event you foresee any type of legal dispute that concerns your building. Whether you have a disagreement over land ownership or with the contractor in charge of your product, having good representation can make the process happen more quickly.

Now that wasn't hard at all, was it?  And you've earned a wealth of knowledge, just from taking some time to study an expert's word on Law.

Understanding How Employment Tribunals Work

This interesting article addresses some of the key issues regarding Law. A careful reading of this material could make a big difference in how you think about Law.

It seems like new information is discovered about something every day. And the topic of Law is no exception. Keep reading to get more fresh news about Law.

In England and Wales, if you have to bring or defend a claim relating to your employment then that employment claim will be brought in an employment tribunal rather than a court.

Courts are more formal than tribunals and you need to be a specialist solicitor or barrister to be able to speak in a court. By contrast almost anybody can represent an employee or employer in a Tribunal. Employment tribunals (as the name suggests) hear all matters relating to disputes surrounding employment terms and conditions and employment laws.

The tribunal has discretion to make any order as it thinks fit and decide on the admissibility of evidence. The practice and procedures in tribunal is not a formal as other civil courts, and is governed by its own set of rules, principally:

· The Employment Tribunals Rules of Procedure (ET Rules) and

· The Employment Tribunals (Constitution and Rules of Procedure) Regulations 2004 (SI 2004/1861) (ET Regulations).

Territorial jurisdiction of the employment tribunal

An employment tribunal in England & Wales only has jurisdiction to deal with proceedings where the employer lives or conducts its business in England or Wales.

Commencing a claim

Once a claimant has established that an employment tribunal is the appropriate forum for their claim, they will need to:

· Complete a prescribed ET1 form.

· Identify the appropriate tribunal to which they should present their completed ET1.

· Decide on the means by which they will submit it.

· Submit the claim form within the time limit applicable to the claim they are bringing.

The time limit for submission of the claim form to the tribunal will be determined by the claim but generally speaking is normally 3 months

Responding to a claim

Where a tribunal accepts a claim, it sends a copy to the respondent and informs the respondent:

· How to present a response to the claim.

· The time limit for responding to a claim.

· What may happen if a response is not presented within the time limit.

· The respondent's entitlement to receive a copy of any judgement disposing of the claim.

When preparing to submit a response, a respondent needs to be aware of the following key requirements. It must:

· Use the prescribed ET3 form.

· Ensure it provides the required information.

· Within the 28 day time-limit, the respondent must presents its completed ET3 or make an application for an extension of time to present its completed ET3.

If the respondent does not present its completed ET3 or extension application, than he may be prevented from continuing to participate in proceedings because:

· The tribunal must, in certain circumstances, issue a default judgement.

· The respondent will (subject to some limited exceptions) be debarred from taking any further part in the proceedings.

Case management

Once the tribunal serves the claim and receives the response from the respondent, it is the duty of the judges to manage the cases justly. The judges have case management powers to ensure the smooth running of their cases. This enables the tribunal to:

· Give necessary orders (example, disclosure, inspections etc).

· Order standard directions for the parties to prepare for a full hearing.

· Analyse and identify the issues between the parties at an early stage

Judgement & Remedies

An oral or a subsequent written judgement may be given by the tribunal at the end of the hearing.

Review & appeal of tribunal decisions

The decision of the tribunal can only be challenged by simply requesting that the Tribunal review the decision they made or making a formal appeal to the Employment Appeals Tribunal.

Costs in employment tribunal

The employment judge has discretion to make any costs order against any of the parties but usually the rule is that each party bears its own costs.

Those who only know one or two facts about Law can be confused by misleading information. The best way to help those who are misled is to gently correct them with the truths you're learning here.